Turin Museum stelae
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Stele of Amennakhte
19th dynasty, around 1295-1186 BC
Rectangular limestone stela of Amennakht, possibly originating
from the sanctuary of Ptah and Meretseger. Most probably
intended to depict the sanctuary with its two hills. The relief
ornamentation of the four sacred cobras in the upper part of the
stela is intended to be a symbolic representation of the "Great
Peak of the West". The goddess shown on the right, personifies
the peak, and is called "Isis the Great". She is depicted with
bovine horns and a solar disk like Hathor. Amennakht is shown
kneeling inside a rectangle that was intended to represent a
chapel in the sanctuary.
Height: 43 cm
Width: 30 cm
Formerly from Drovetti's collection
Inv. cat. 1521 = CGT 50059
Stele of Parahotep
From Deir el-Medina
19th dynasty
Painted limestone
Meretseger was the goddess of the pyramidal peak which lies
above the Theban necropolis. Her usual name was "she who
loves silence". She was primarily worshipped by the workmen
of Deir el-Medina.
From the 18th dynasty onwards, the main focus of religious
worship of the population of Deir el-Medina was the cult of
Amenhotep I, particularly in the form of "Lord of the village",
together with his mother Ahmose-Nefertari.
Amenhotep I Djeserkare (1525-1504 BC) was the second
pharaoh of the 18th dynasty. He was probably still very young
when he came to the throne, so it is likely that his mother,
queen Ahmose-Nefertari (c.1570-1505 BC) served as regent
for the first part of his reign. They are jointly credited with
the foundation of Deir el-Medina, where they consequently
enjoyed personal religious cults until the late Ramesside Period.
Dimensions: 30 x 20,5 x 4 cm
Cat. 1451 / RCGE 5742
Stele of Nebnefer
From Deir el-Medina
19th dynasty
The stele is divided into 3 registers. In the top section 2
eyes with
shen sign above 3 zigzag lines indicating water are depicted.
The second, largest register, is divided into 12 horizontal strips. Each
is occupied by a coloured snake facing to the right.
In the bottom register 3 columns of hieroglyphic text worship the
goddess Meretseger:
"life, strength and health to the ka and the lady
of the house Wab, the justified."
To the right of the text the
deceased woman is kneeling with her hands raised in adoration. She
wears a white robe. A lotus flower is placed on top of her wig. Behind
her head there are 4 hieroglyphic signs that form the phrase
. To the right of the scene there is an offering table with a
vessel flanked by a bunch of lotus flowers. Below the table there are
2 vessels on pedestals.
Stele of Mutnofret to Renenutet
From Deir el-Medina
18th-19th dynasty
Round-topped stele of Mutnofret showing the adoration of
Renenutet, depicted here with a head of a serpent and a
body of a female. The goddess has a solar disk between
bovine horns on her head. In the bottom register the
same goddess,
"The Lady of the Heavens" is adored by
the deceased Inofre, who is kneeling with her arms raised.
Renenutet, in Egyptian "snake who nourishes" was a
popular and beneficial deity. Protective in nature and of a
nurturing rather than venomous disposition, she was a
goddess of the harvest and a divine nurse. She is
identified with the household and family life in her role as
provider, nourisher and as a nurse of infants. Here her
associations with children also identified her with Hathor
whose headdress she wears.
23,5 x 16 x 4 cm
S. 6138 RCGE 14896
Stele of the scribe Ramose
From Deir el-Medina
19th dynasty, reign of Ramesses II
The scribe Ramose, whose title was "Scribe in the Place of
Truth" of Ramesses II (5th to 38th regnal year), dedicated
this stela to the goddess Qudshu, the Asiatic goddess of
love, possibly hoping that her intercession might assist in
rousing his sexual potency. Qudshu is shown standing naked on
a lion, her sacred animal. She is placed between male
fertility deities Reshep and Min-Amun-Re.
In the bottom register next to Ramose is his wife Mutemwia.
The couple failed to produce an heir and eventual successor.
The stele reflects their desire to have children.
Height: 45 cm
Width: 30 cm
cat. 1601 = CGT 50066
Stele from Deir el-Medina
Upper part of round-topped limestone stele, depicting
the solar disc with a single wing and two columns of
hieroglyphs, partly illegible. A warrior goddess on
horseback is about to shoot an arrow at an enemy of
whom only the head and part of the bust can be seen.
The goddess, depicted naked, is riding side-saddle. She
is wearing an Atef crown, a necklace, bracelets and
quiver. She is Astarte, goddess of war and death and
was very popular in Egypt although of Canaanite origin.
Height: 24.5 cm
Width: 22.5 cm
S. 1308 RCGE 14960
Stele of Amenemope
From Deir el-Medina
Beginning of the 19th dynasty, reign of Seti I and Rameses II
The stele is dedicated to Amenhotep I and Ahmose-Nefertari by
the 'Servant in the Place of Truth' Amenemope and Amennakht.
The king and the queen are shown sitting on their thrones. Above
the sovereign there is a solar disc flanked by two sacred cobras
and their cartouches are shown to the right of each of them.
In the bottom register Amenemope is shown with his son
Amennakht, who also was a "Servant in the Place of Truth", in
the pose of adoration.
Height: 30 cm
Width: 20 cm
Former Drovetti's collection
cat. 1452 = CGT 50034
Stele of Baki
From Deir el-Medina
19th dynasty, reign of Seti I and Rameses II, around
1290-1279 BC
This round-topped stele is carved in low relief and painted
in several colours. The pictorial plane is divided into two
registers, the upper one containing two rams facing each
other. The animals, with cobras rising on their foreheads,
wear tall headdresses composed of two tall plumes with a
solar disk at the centre. Between them is a small offering
table with lotus flowers. The mirror image hieroglyphic
inscription refers to the rams and reveals their divine
nature as that of Amun-Ra. In the register below,
foreman Baki is shown in the pose of adoration.
Height: 46 cm
Width: 28.4 cm
Cat. 1549 RCGE 5706
Stele of Hay
From Deir el-Medina
20th dynasty, reign of Ramesses III
The round-topped stele is dedicated to the goddess
Meretseger, represented with a female body and serpent's
head and to the goddess Taweret who is depicted as a
hippopotamus on two legs and who precedes her. Each of the
goddesses is identified in the vertical text in front of her.
Both are wearing a modius crown surmounted by the bovine
horns and the solar disc on her head. Meretseger is holding
was-sceptre and the symbol of eternal life. In the
dedication Hay, the deputy workman, who lived at Deir
el-Medina during the time of Ramesses III, also remembers
his sons Amennakht, draughtsman-scribe, and Nebnefer.
Hay's tomb is no. 267 at Deir el-Medina.
Height: 43 cm
Width: 28 cm
Former Drovetti's collection
cat. 1606 = CGT 50062
Stele to Meretseger
From Deir el-Medina
19th dynasty
The stele possibly came from House SEVIII
Depiction of a serpent - a rearing cobra - in front of an
offering table. The hood of the cobra is dilated. Her head
dress consists of two tall plumes and a sun disk.
The vertical hieroglyphic inscription above the serpent gives
the name of Meretseger. The horizontal hieroglyphic
inscription at the bottom of the stele bears the name of
Amenemone, the workman (sDm).
cat. 1519 = CGT 50001
Stela of Inherkau
From the Tomb of Inherkau at Deir el-Medina, TT 359
20th dynasty, reign of Ramesses III-V
Inherkau was a foreman of the Lord of the Two Lands in
the Place of Truth, meaning he was in charge of workmen in
the royal necropolis. He flourished during the reign of
Ramesses IV and continued working into the reign of
Ramesses VII some 15 years later.
The top register of this round-topped stele shows 3
deities: Amun-Ra, Montu and the deified king Amenhotep I.
The bottom register shows the deified queen
Ahmose-Nefertari and in front of her stands Raettawy,
"Raet of the Two Lands". She was the female counterpart
of the sun god Ra. She is depicted here in a Hathor-like
form as a woman wearing a solar disk with horns and a
38,6 x 26,2 x 4,8 cm
Cat. 7358 RCGE 5737
Stele of Amenhotep I before Amun-Ra
From Deir el-Medina
18th dynasty
Dimensions: 30 x 19,6 x 4 cm
Fragment of a rectangular stele with cartouches of Amenhotep I.
The god Amun-Ra, represented on the left, is holding a scimitar
(khepesh) of typical half-moon shape in his right hand. He
presents it to the king, who faces him on the right. Amun-Ra
holds an
ankh sign in his left hand. The king's head carries a
crown of Sokar. With his right hand he grasps the hair of a
prisoner whose arms are tied behind his back. Between the god
and the Pharaoh there is a column with a brief hieroglyphic
inscription that says:
"I give you the scimitar khepesh, Lord of
the Two Lands, of each district".
Cat. 1452 / RCGE 5749
Stelophorus statue with a stele
From Deir el-Medina
18th-19th dynasty
This type of stele is so called stelophorous
statue. It consists of kneeling figure
holding or offering stele. They were
produced from the 18th dynasty onwards.
Such stelae were usually inscribed with
hymns to the sun-god.
31,5 x 14,4 x 19 cm
Cat. 3040 RCGE 5584
Stele of Pendua and Tyr
From Deir el-Medina
19th dynasty (1292-1186 BC)
The round-topped stele is divided into two registers. It is
decorated in low relief and painted.
The upper register: there are two goddesses depicted seated on
their thrones, facing each other. Both wear the modius crowns.
They hold
ankh symbols in one hand and was scepters in the other
hand. There is an offering table with a jug and two lotus flowers
placed between them. They are identified as
Nefertiti, lady of the
, and Arytnefret, lady of the sky.
Lower register: a woman and a man kneel at the center facing each
other. Behind them a girl and a boy are standing.
The man is
Pendua, "Servant of the Place of Truth", the woman is
his wife Tyr, the children are Hui, son of Pendua, and Tentenub, his
daughter. The name of the father of Pendua, Quen was added in
black ink.
38,5 x 26 x 4,3 cm
Cat. 1565 RCGE 5752
Stela of Nebre adoring Khonsu
From Deir el-Medina
19th dynasty
Painted limestone
Khonsu sits on a cube-like throne and wears the solar disc
and half-moon on his head. He faces an offering table piled
with food and flowers. The hieroglyphic inscription reads:
"Khonsu-in-Thebes, Neferhotep. Protection, life, stability
and power surround him, like Ra. Libation for your ka with
bread, beer, oxen and fowl."
Lower register depicts two men kneeling in adoration. They
face to the left: Nebre, whose title is
kedw sesh
"draughtsman" and his son, Amenemope.
"Give praise to Khonsu-in-Thebes by the scribe of Amun in
the Place of Truth Nebra, justified in peace, he loved his
son, Amenemope, justified"
In the bottom register are the
"Draughtsman-scribe of Amun
in the Place of Truth", Nebre, and his son, Amenemope".
22,3 x 15,5 x 4,5 cm
Cat. 1589 RCGE 5713
Stele to Hathor and Meretseger
From Deir el-Medina
18th-20th dynasty
On the right Hathor is depicted
with the human-bovine face and a
naos containing an image of
Meretseger on her head.
19 x 25 x 6 cm
Cat. 1658 RCGE 5732
Photographs by Su Bayfield & Hans Ollermann, 2005-2008
Text by Su Bayfield & Lenka Peacock
1. Roccati, Alessandro : The Egyptian Museum Turin
Istituto polygraphico e zecca dello stato Liberia della stato
2. Roccati, Alessandro : Museo Egizio, Torino
Roma : Istituto poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, Libreria dello Stato, 2003. 93 p.
3. Curto, Silvio : L'antico Egitto nel Museo Egizio di Torino
Torino : Tipografia Torinese Editrice , 1984. 367 p.
4. Les artistes de Pharaon : Deir el-Médineh et la Vallée des Rois : Paris, musée du Louvre, 15 avril - 5 aout 2002
Paris : Réunion des Musées Nationaux, 2002.
5. Tosi, Mario : La cappella di Maia : un pittore a Deir el-Medina
Torino : Artema, 1994. 82 p.
6. Janssen, Rosalind and Janssen, Jac. J.: Egyptian household animals
Aylesbury : Shire Publications, 1989.
7. McDowell, A.G.: Village life in ancient Egypt : laundry lists and love songs
Oxford : Oxford University Press, 1999.
8.Shaw, Ian, Nicholson, Paul: British Museum dictionary of ancient Egypt
London: British Museum Press, 1995.
9. Davies, Benedict G.: Who's who at Deir el-Medina : a prosopographic study of the royal workmen's community
Leiden : Nederlands Instituut voor Her Nabije Oosten, 1999
10. Wilkinson, R. H. : The complete gods and goddesses of Ancient Egypt.
London : Thames & Hudson, 2003.
11. Collier, Mark and Manley, Bill: How to read Egyptian hieroglyphs : a step-by-step guide to teach yourself
London : British Museum Press, 1998.
12. The Cairo Museum masterpieces of Egyptian art / edited by Francesco Tiradritti
London : Thames & Hudson, 1998.
13. Houlihan, Patrick F.: The animal world of the pharaohs
London : Thames and Hudson, 1996.
14. Galan, Jose M.: Seeing darkness. IN : Chronique d'Egypte, Vol. 74, Number 174/1999. p. 18-30.
15. Gleanings from Deir el-Medina / editors, R. J. Demarée and Jac. J. Janssen.
Leiden : Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten te Leiden, 1982.
16. Porter, B. - Moss, R.L.B., Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs and Paintings,
Oxford, 1960-
17. Museum's own labels

Photographed by Hans Ollermann,  2008:
Stele of Nakhy
From Deir el-Medina
New Kingdom, 18th-19th dynasty, about 1330-1290 BC
Dimensions: 100 x 63 x 15 cm
Originally from Drovetti's collection (1824)
Nakhy is adoring Osiris and Anubis, while his son Nakhtmin
adores the goddess Hathor. In the lower register Nakhy's
relatives appear in procession before their parents.
Height: 67 cm
Width: 42 cm
Inventory Nb: Cat. 1586 RCGE 5755
Stele dedicated to the "Great Cat"
19th dynasty
Stelae depicting cats usually refer to the sun god or to a
female deity. The inscription bears an offering formula
for the "beautiful and gracious cat". Exactly which
goddess is described is uncertain since several, such as
Bastet, Mut, Sekhmet or Neith, were all connected with
Height: 16 cm
Width: 11 cm
Former Drovetti's collection
cat. 1600 = CGT 50053
The Turin Museum stelae from Deir el-Medina are principally rectangular, round-topped slabs of limestone
decorated with either painted relief decoration or painting over a thin layer of plaster. Most stelae are of
votive and funerary nature. They are decorated with scenes of an individual bearing offerings to a deity or
a group of deities or simply in the act of worshipping the god or goddess, whose assistance was sought. The
majority of stelae in the Turin museum formerly come from the Drovetti collection.

The text on this page was written by Su Bayfield and Lenka Peacock, both from the UK, using the sources
The photographs were taken by Su Bayfield, UK and Hans Ollermann, The Netherlands.
All photographs of the objects from the museum's collections are © of Museo Egizio di Torino.
Stele of Pashed
From Deir el-Medina
19th dynasty, around 1292-1186 BC
On this round-topped stele, the deceased Pashed,
"excellent spirit of Ra",
akh-ikr, is pictured left,
seated on a chair with lion's paws, smelling the lotus
flower. The offering table holds a basket containing
various offerings. A large open pomegranate, containing
a great quantity of seeds, appears under the chair. The
colours on this stele are well preserved.
17,5 x 12,3 x 3 cm
Cat. 1570 RCGE 5710
Stele of Ipuy
From Deir el-Medina
19th dynasty, around 1292-1186 BC
This round-topped stele is divided into two
In the upper register, which is executed in
raised relief, the King of kings Harakhte is
followed by Amenhotep I, Osiris and the
goddess Hathor.
In the lower register, which is executed in
bas-relief, Ipuy is depicted with his wife and
their children: Nebnakht performs a ritual
purification, Huy and Werel offer gifts.
The deceased was a painter and sculptor at
Deir el-Medina. His tomb is TT 217.
57 x 38,4 x 7,4 cm
Cat. 7357 RCGE 5689
Stele of three generations of craftsmen
From Deir el-Medina, from the tomb Nakhtmin
and Nu (
TT 291)
End of the 18th dynasty, around 1330-1292 BC
Dimension: 100 x 81 x 9 cm
Inventory Nb: Cat 1619 RCGE 5757
At the top, there is a scene of adoration of Osiris, Anubis and Hathor.
Below parents receive offerings from their children.
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Photographed by Su Bayfield, 2008:
Stele of Djeserka
From Deir el-Medina
18th-19th dynasty, around 1550-1186 BC
The deceased is seated on a stool with a
high back and legs with lion's paw feet.
Djeserka's brother, Huy, standing, is
purifying the offering table with water and
30 x 23 x 6 cm
Cat. 1604 RCGE 5735
The page was last modified on August 1st 2018
Stele dedicated to Ahmose Nefertari by Heryher for Iy’s
From Deir el-Medina
New Kingdom, 19th-20th Dynasty (1292-1076 BC)
Amenhotep I Djeserkare (1525-1504 BC) was the second
pharaoh of the 18th dynasty. He was probably still very
young when he came to the throne, so it is likely that his
mother, the queen Ahmose-Nefertari (c.1570-1505 BC)
served as regent for the first part of his reign. They are
jointly credited with the foundation of Deir el-Medina,
where they consequently enjoyed personal religious cults
until the late Ramesside Period.
The inhabitants of Deir el-Medina venerated the queen by
dedicating statuettes, votive stelae and food offerings.
13,3 x 9,7 x 3 cm
Drovetti collection (1824).
C. 1450 RCGE 5747
Stele of Nebre
From Deir el-Medina
19th dynasty, around 1292-1186 BC
In the top register of this votive stele a swallow
(Hirundinidae) is shown perched on top of a shrine. An
offering table is placed in front of it on the right side. The
bird is called
"the good swallow". In the lower register
Nakhamun and Khay, Nebre's two sons, kneel in adoration in
front of a large cat. They both hold a bouquet in their right
hand, the left hand is raised in adoration before the good
cat" (Houlihan,1996,87). The swallow and the cat both
represent two minor deities, Menet and Tamit, who are
closely connected with the region of the Theban necropolis.
It is remarkable that this stele has been dedicated by
Nebre, the royal craftsman, without him being represented
Former Drovetti collection
14,2 x 9,2 x 2,5 cm
Cat. 1591 RCGE 5719 = CGT 50056
Stele of Mekhimontu
From Deir el-Medina
18th-20th dynasty, around 1550-1070 BC
Painted limestone
The round-topped stele is divided into two registers. The top
register contains a brightly painted offering scene. The
married couple, Mekhimontu and Nubemueskhetsit, in front of
an offering table while a standing priest purifies the content
with water pouring from a ewer-shaped vessel. He is named as
Smen, the deceased's brother.
The bottom register consists of a hieroglyphic inscription of two
lines containing a standard offering formula with its associated
offering rites. The actual rendering of this stereotypical
phrase is notoriously obscure and still exercises the minds of
scholars. Whatever its original form, the phrase had come to
be treated as a fixed, compound expression by the Middle
Kingdom. It is composed of three parts, which can be divided
according to the characteristic Egyptian expression found in
htp-di  an offering given
prt-hrw  a voice offering
n k3 n  for the ka of
The couple are making an offering to Osiris, lord of Abydos, so
that he may give a voice offering for their souls.
28,5 x 20 x 4 cm
S. 9492 RCGE 14900
Stele dedicated to the god Ra-Horakhty on the solar boat
From Deir el-Medina
19th dynasty
On the cornice of the stele there is a winged scarab, which
sometimes replaces the winged solar disk. In the lower
register on the left, four mummies are standing in front of
a tomb-pyramid of Deir el-Medina and two persons who
make offerings. They are Merira and Huy, the two sons of
the deceased Qen, whose title was "Amun sculptor of the
Place of Truth ". Beside the mummies is a woman named
Takri, who cries with despair".
Cat 1635 = CGT 50074
Height: 57 cm
Width: 36 cm
Ears in relief stele
19th dynasty
This small, rectangular stele is carved in low relief with
two pairs of ears pierced in the lobe to hang earrings.
Depictions of ears on stelae were common in New Kingdom
Egypt. They related to a new religious concept in which
the relationship between the individual and a god was
closer and did not necessarily have to rely on the
mediation of a priest. The ears are a reference to the
divinity listening to the prayers of the faithful, who turn
to the god in search of favours such as the curing of
Further there are two simple inscriptions: vertical

"nebet-hetepet who hears prayer, Lady of Heaven"
"User-satet." The name User-Satet, "Powerful
of Satet" was probably of Nubian origin, since Satet was a
Nubian goddess.
Height: 17 cm
Cat. 1546 = N.50026
From the Drovetti collection
This round-topped stele is divided into three
In the top register there is an inscription of thirteen
columns of hieroglyphs. Below are represented Osiris
and Anubis seated on their thrones, worshiped by
Minhotep. To the right Nakhtmin stands in the act of
adoration before the goddess Hathor.
In the second register Minhotep and his wife
Nefertari receive offerings from their five sons and
two daughters.
In the third register Nakhtmin and his wife
Sekhmet  receive offerings from five children, two
daughters and five sons.
Stele of Amenemope
From Deir el-Medina
18th-19th dynasty
Dimensions: 39 x 29,1 x 2,4 cm
This round-topped stele is divided into 2 registers.
The upper register depicts the solar disk in the
solar barque, resting on the hieroglyphic sign for
sky. In the lower register the deceased is depicted
standing on the left, facing to the right, with his
arms raised in adoration. He wears an ankle-length
kilt. The figure is in part chiseled out. The
remaining area of the register is divided into 9
columns of hieroglyphic inscription. It contains an
abbreviated version of a solar hymn. Some traces of
preserved pigment are visible on the stela: red for
the solar disk, yellow for the boat and its
background, blue for the sky and the hieroglyphic
signs. The dedicator of the stela is named as
Cat. 1515 = CGT 50043
Stele of May
From Deir el-Medina / Chapel of May (TT 338)
End of the 18th, beginning of the 19th dynasty
This round-topped stele is divided into 3 registers.
In the top register May and his wife stand in
adoration in front of Osiris and Hathor, both
seated on their thrones. In the lower registers the
couple sit on chairs in front of an offering table.
Their daughter stands next to them. A procession
consisting of their family members approach them
with their offerings: 3 men in the middle register
and 4 men and 2 women in the bottom register.
The stele would have come from a niche in May's
chapel, where it would have been placed on a stone
pedestal (according to Bernard Bruyère). When Deir
el-Medina was excavated during the last century,
these chapels were partly or completely gone as
they were built above the ground and made of mud
Dimensions: 66,7 x 42 x 7,3 cm
The stele is on display in Room III
Inventory no. Cat. 1579 RCGE 46595
The stele is framed by a narrow blue strip in bas relief. On the right side of the stele, starting half
way up, there is an inscription in black flanked on each side by two red, vertical lines which
commemorates the "servant of the Lord of the two lands in the place (seat) of Truth". Nebnefer and his
son Pauebekhnu.
On the left side of the stele there is an inscription in black, also flanked by two red vertical lines,
which commemorates Nebnefer and his daughter Henutshenu.
Height: 27 cm
Width: 17 cm
Former Drovetti's collection
cat. 1533 = CGT 50060
A recent article, published on December 22nd 2017 by Kathrin Gabler
entitled "Stele Turin CGT 50057 (= Cat. 1514) im ikonografischen und prosopografischen
Kontext Deir el-Medines: nb.t-pr Mw.t(-m-wjA) (vi) im Spannungsfeld der Mächte der
Taweret und des Seth?"
appeared in the new on-line magazine The Rivista del Museo Egizio, published
by Fondazione Museo delle Antichità Egizie di Torino. The Rivista promotes, gathers and disseminates
research on all aspects of the collection of the Museo Egizio in Turin and on the archaeological sites
investigated by it, today and in the past, as well as studies on topics of indirect relevance to its
collection. It provides free access to its content in view of favoring the broadest possible dissemination
of knowledge.

Abstract of the article:
Stela Turin CGT 50057 shows an unusual combination of gods, namely, a triad consisting of Amun-Re,
Taweret and Seth, who is represented twice as a small red hippopotamus referred to as “Stj (nTr) nfr ”
and “sA Nw.t ”. Exceptionally, this limestone stela illustrates many women. Of the fifteen depicted
individuals, twelve are female, eleven of whom are designated as kin of the mistress of the house Mw.t
shown in the centre of the stela. Such a prevalence of women is unparalleled among stelae from Deir el-
Medina. A discussion of the iconographic and prosopographic elements of the three registers and their
figures reveals strong connections with the family of Nfr-rnp.t (i), (or possibly Nfr-rnp.t iii, iv or VII)
and the family of the foreman of the left side QAHA (i), whose sister Mw.t(-m-wjA) (vi) appears to be
the focus of the Turin stela. Mw.t(-m-wjA) was probably the first wife of the owner of the stela, Nfr-
rnp(.)t .The father of QAHA and of Mw.t(-m-wjA), Hwj (ii), possibly donated the stela to wish his
daughter and his son-in-law a healthy offspring. The addition of many female relatives in combination
with the goddess Taweret points to a fertility context (pregnancy or birth). Taweret and Seth appear in
hieratic texts from the community of workmen where the wise woman is consulted. According to these
texts, the bAw-powers of both gods were responsible for a failed/unsuccessful pregnancy or the death of
infants. The presence of this particular constellation of deities in the first register of the stela thus
suggests that such a misfortune may have actually befallen Nfr-rnp.t and Mw.t, and that the scene is a
graphical transposition of formulations from the above texts, to the purpose of warding off the bAw of
Seth and Taweret.

The full text of the article in German is available at
Stele of Nekhemut
From Deir el-Medina
New Kingdom, 20th Dynasty (1190-1076 BC)
Nekhemut was a foreman during the 20th dynasty. He is
depicted standing on the left in front of the figure of
Amun-Re whom Nekhemut is worshipping. In the upper
part the round topped stele contains 5 columns of
hieroglyphic inscription dedicated to his
ka by Nebnefer
and his son.
As the stele is dated to the 20th dynasty it could have
belonged to the foreman of the right side Nekhemmut
(vi), son of Nakhy, who was attested at the time of the
reigns of Ramesses IV year 2, Ramesses VI year 8 and
Ramesses IX year 17, which would give a span of years
around 1150-1119 BC. The stele could have been
dedicated to him by his successor Nebnefer (xiii), who
became foreman of the right side and is attested in year
½ of Ramesses X around 1108 BC. (Davies,1999,Chart I)
Drovetti collection (1824).
C. 1587
Additional stelae - photographs by Su Bayfiled, 2005:
Stele dedicated to Reshef
Fragmentary and incomplete stele depicting the
god Reshef/Reshep/Reshpu, who was an Amorite
(Amorites were ancient Semitic speaking people
from Syria) war-god. His cult was attested in
Egypt during the 18th dynasty due to influences
resulting from Egypt's presence in the Levant.
Reshef is depicted holding a spear and shield and
wearing the white crown. The stele is partly
completed with a cast (on the left) of a
fragment housed in Berlin (Ägyptisches Museum,
From Deir el-Medina
New Kingdom, 19th-20th Dynasty (1292-1076
Purchased by Schiaparelli (1900-1901).
S. 1307
Stele of Huy
From Deir el-Medina
New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty (1292-1190 BC)
This round topped stele shows Huy in the
bottom register kneeling in the pose of
adoration facing 7 columns of hieroglyphic
inscription. Above, in the lunette, are the
smn-geese. The smn-goose was
identified as Nilegoose/Foxgoose (Alopochen
aegyptiacus) and was a symbol of Amun,
probably because of its association with the
creation of the primeval world.
Drovetti collection (1824).
C. 1607
Stele of Huy
From Deir el-Medina
New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty (1292-1190 BC)
The stele is dedicated by the workman Huy to
the moon, a form of the god Thoth. Huy testifies
that the moon had punished him for taking his
name in vain in the matter of a certain scoop
which had perhaps been lost or stolen and he
proclaims the god’s power to the creatures of the
sea and the sky (McDowell,101).
Drovetti collection (1824)
C. 1608
Stele of Nebre
This round topped stele was dedicated to the
goddess Meretseger by the draftsman Nebra
From Deir el-Medina
New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty (1292-1190 BC)
Drovetti collection (1824).
C. 1590
Stela dedicated by Pendua to Meretseger
From Deir el-Medina
New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty (1292-1190 BC)
Acquired before 1882.
C. 1564
Miniature stele
Stele dedicated to Amenhotep I by the
scribe Amenmose
From Deir el-Medina
New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty (1539-1292 BC)
Drovetti collection (1824)
C. 1471
Stele dedicated to Ptah by Penmennefer
From Deir el-Medina
New Kingdom, 19th-20th dynasty (1292-1076 BC)
Schiaparelli excavations (1905)
S. 6139
Stele of Wadjmes
From Deir el-Medina
New Kingdom, 19th dynasty (1292-1190 BC)
Stele dedicated to Neith and Ptah by
Drovetti collection (1824)
C. 1548
Stele of Pay
From Deir el-Medina
New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty
(1292-1190 BC)
Stela dedicated to Re-Harakhty
by the draftsman Pay
Schiaparelli excavations (1905)
S. 6144
Stele of Hy
From Deir el-Medina
New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty (1292-1190 BC)
Stela dedicated by Hy to Amun-Re,
Taweret and Seth
Behind Taweret, who is upright as usual,
are depicted two small hippopotami which
share the inscription
“Seth, the good god,
the son of Nut”
and are shown on all four
legs. Seth may occur as a hippopotamus and
for that reason he might be coupled here
with Taweret. In the available records from
Deir el-Medina a particular relationship
between Taweret and Seth is rarely
encountered and the nature of the
connection is not clear. (Gleanings,1982,19)
Drovetti collection (1824)
C. 1514
Translation: Praying to [Ahmose Nefertari….mistress of the town...]
[She causes] that I see the darkness, that she creates.
Enlighten my eyes,
be merciful to me, be merciful.
For the ka of the mistress of the house, Iy - justified
- (Galan,1999,27)

In his article "Seeing darkness" José Galan gathers the corpus of Deir el-Medina stelae with the text
mentioning darkness as god’s punishment for a sin committed and groups them according to the phraseology
used. The stelae using the phrase “I see darkness by day” (
mAA.i kkw m hrw) - Bankes stele No. 6, BM
374, BM 589 - and stelae using the phrase “I see the darkness that you create” (
mAA.i kkw n irr.k) -
Turin 5046, 5051, 50052 and 50050. Usually the phrase gets translated as "becoming blind".
Galan's interpretation of the phrase "seeing darkness" is as a metaphor used to refer to the situation in
which the deceased find themselves after the Final Judgement and before they reach the Hereafter,
where god is. They implore god's mercy to have possible sins removed and to be able to enter into contact
with the divine. (Galan,1999, 24-30)
”By the servant of the Moon, Huy. He says, I am the man who falsely said “As true as…” to the Moon
concerning the scoop, and he caused me to see the greatness of his strength before the entire land. I
will recount your manifestation to the fish in the river and to the birds in the sky, and they will say to
their children’s children, “Beware of the Moon, the merciful, who knew how to avert this.”
It gives the impression that to the guilty mind, any misfortune could present itself as divine
condemnation. Public confession could have been sufficient redemption, others affected erected stelae
emphasizing their humbleness. (McDowell,101)

In comparison the translations and interpretation of the stele by J.F. Borghouts is as follows:
“...I am the man who said <as true as> in a wrong manner (m aDA) to the Moon, on account of the
scoop (Sdy.t). And he showed me how great his power (pHty) is, before the whole country. - I will
relate your manifestation (bAw) to the fishes of the River and to the birds in the air. And so will they,
to the children of their children:<<be careful with regard to the Moon, the merciful one who knew how
to avert this!>...”
The last word “this” might point to a punishment inflicted by the god who was wronged by Huy’s oath,
while bAw - manifestation and pHty - power - might indicate the way he was made to feel the god’s
oppression. Since “this” was “averted”, Huy was, in Borghouts’s opinion, most probably, forgiven.